Milliman insight

07 April 2022 - By Daniel D. Skwire, Douglas W. Taylor, Paul L. Correia, Christin Kuretich

The latest Disability Newsletter covers an annual study on profitability, state-mandated Paid Family and Medical Leave programs, and more.

30 March 2022 - By Victor Huang

How we use futures contracts to manufacture put-option payoffs rather than purchasing puts directly, a likely more cost-effective approach over the long-term.

28 March 2022 - By Neil Dissanayake, Peter Lin, Nima Shahroozi

Our February review of the markets and Solvency II discount rates.

28 March 2022 - By Tony Dardis, William C. Hines, Su Meng Lee

Bermuda looks particularly attractive for life insurers as a choice of domicile, given the country’s favorable treatment of capital and taxation.

23 March 2022 - By Brian Colgan, Muhammad Ismail, Halim Gunawan, Richard W. Holloway

Life insurance in Indonesia: Our review of industry developments from the third quarter of 2021

17 March 2022 - By Claire Booth, Neil Christy, Lewis Duffy, Isabel Stansfield

We highlight the latest noteworthy items in the life insurance industry from the European Supervisor Authorities, European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority and Financial Conduct Authority.

15 March 2022 - By Michael Paczolt

As the claims triage process experiences more complex pressures, advances in artificial intelligence are giving insurers rich data and actionable insights to efficiently allocate resources and lower claims costs.

14 March 2022 - By Farzana Ismail, Alex Bryant

We cover key changes in the Exposure Draft, with a focus on new requirements related to estate management and management of small or shrinking par funds.

14 March 2022 - By Mike A. Bergerson, Missy Gordon, John Hebig

Milliman completed a survey on premium rate increases for the long-term care (LTC) insurance industry.

14 March 2022 - By Timothy Paris

Milliman Variable Annuity Mortality Study shows mortality increases of 11% as a result of COVID-19 pandemic.

10 March 2022 - By Brian Colgan, Farzana Ismail

To have a well-considered strategy for a Syariah window, it is necessary to develop credible assumptions around new business volumes and expenses.

07 March 2022 - By Robert Bugg, Amy Nicholson, James Wilkie

We clarify the Financial Conduct Authority’s approach to the review of Part VII insurance business transfers.

07 March 2022 - By Christin Kuretich

Learn about five trends and creative approaches heading into 2022 for supplemental health benefits, on this episode of Critical Point.

04 March 2022 - By Alex York, Christine M. Fleming

One in 10 underground coal miners who worked for at least 25 years have black lung disease, according to National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.

03 March 2022 - By Victor Huang

As inflation intimidates the markets, a futures-hedging strategy can provide better portfolio risk management, giving downside protection against market volatility.

03 March 2022 - By Cody Webb, Melody Craff, Molly Barth, Larry Baeder, Dale N. Skinner, Thomas Pu

Carbon dioxide poisoning found consistently among populations affected by four hurricanes points to how climate events can have other health effects.

03 March 2022 - By Daren Lockwood, Xiaohong Mo, Adam Schenck

The expected hedge cost for a hypothetical GLWB block (see Index Methodology) is estimated to be 181 bps as of the end of February 2022, down 9 basis points from the previous month, driven by an increase in long-term interest rates.

03 March 2022 - By Pang-Hsiang Chye, Renuka Subramaniam, Tharan Ganesan, Muhammad Hanif Saiful

Get the latest in the Non-Life Insurance market in Indonesia such as market performance, market news, and general Syariah Insurance.

02 March 2022 - By Adél Drew

Operational resilience is top of mind for U.K. regulators, appearing in Prudential Regulation Authority and Financial Conduct Authority business plans for 2022.

28 February 2022 - By Gillian Tucker

With the January 2023 effective date of IFRS 17 fast approaching, insurers and reinsurers turn their attention to comprehensive validation of models and results.

28 February 2022 - By Pang-Hsiang Chye, Tharan Ganesan

Get the latest in the Non-Life Insurance market in Indonesia such as market performance, market news, and general Syariah Insurance.

25 February 2022 - By Neil Dissanayake, Peter Lin, Nima Shahroozi

Our January review of the markets and Solvency II discount rates.

23 February 2022 - By Juliet M. Spector, Mike A. Bergerson, Robert Eaton, Andrew H. Dalton, Daniel A. Nitz, Allen J. Schmitz, Chris Giese, Jeff Anderson, John Hebig, Missy Gordon, Nicole Gaspar, Qiuwen Peng, Annie Gunnlaugsson

We review current projects in long-term care (LTC), such as LTC development in Asian market, Milliman LTC Advanced Risk Analytics, and upcoming studies.

22 February 2022

We recap the trends in the LIBOR rates, SOFR trade and volume counts and those for other currencies for January in this final issue.

18 February 2022 - By Sinéad Clarke, Erin Moorhead

The Taskforce on Climate-Related Financial Disclosures (“TCFD”) was established to develop recommendations for more effective climate-related disclosures.

16 February 2022 - By Chris Giese, Annie Gunnlaugsson, Evan Pollock

The onset of COVID-19 and attempts to control its spread, have introduced volatility into the long-term care insurance industry.

16 February 2022 - By Hervé Andrès, Alexandre Boumezoued, Grzegorz Darkiewicz-Moniuszko, Rikiya Ino, Daren Lockwood, Fiona Ng, Russell Ward

Challenges for companies in the alternative asset space include building an internal model and accounting for regulatory treatment for capital set aside.

14 February 2022 - By Claire Booth, Neil Christy, Isabel Stansfield

We highlight the latest noteworthy items in the life insurance industry from the European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority, Financial Conduct Authority and Prudent Regulation Authority.

10 February 2022 - By Melissa Huenefeldt

Understanding who is the data source—and the format and content of the tables and graphs—can prevent you from misinterpreting data analytics in risk management.

08 February 2022 - By Cody Webb

The podcast explores the impact of hurricanes on the health of populations, as natural disasters grow more frequent due to climate change.

08 February 2022 - By Colin Finch

Risks such as COVID-19, climate change, cyberattacks, and evolving socioeconomic issues are not isolated to one side of a balance sheet, or one fiscal year.

08 February 2022 - By Stephen R. DiCenso

New York domestic insurers need to focus on two specific action steps in the wake of guidance issued on managing the financial risks from climate change.

08 February 2022 - By Pang-Hsiang Chye, Ken Lim , Tananya Santipinyolert, Tarinee Sriboonchaichusakul

Overall premiums for non-life insurance rise 5.2% year over year, while net loss ratio increases in the third quarter to 69.65%, up from 54.28% third quarter 2020.

07 February 2022 - By John Hebig

To help companies obtain a better sense of the rate increase landscape, Milliman surveyed carriers about their recent LTC rate increase experiences.

04 February 2022 - By Daren Lockwood, Xiaohong Mo, Adam Schenck

Milliman reports 9 basis points decrease in Hedge Cost Index for VA guarantees in January.

04 February 2022 - By Olivier Mahieux, Romain de Harlez

With Solvency II reporting becoming routine for insurers, the Commissariat aux Assurances updates its annual actuarial reporting requirements for non-life insurance companies.

04 February 2022 - By Florin Ginghina, Jessica Crowson, Gibson Thuita

What does the PRA’s Life Insurance Stress Test cover and what will it mean for insurers?

04 February 2022 - By Karthik Tumuluru

This presentation reviews certain methods that can be used to factor in the structure of a company's IT system in the underwriting process.

02 February 2022 - By Somya Bansal, Joanne Buckle, Diana Dodu, Nathaniel Jacobson, Alexander Krauskopf , Monika Lis, Yunzi Xia, Rong Yi

Health insurance companies must adapt and innovate their product offerings to appeal to the expectations of freelancers and on-demand gig workers.

02 February 2022 - By Rong Yi

IT giants have started to partner up with traditional life insurers to offer mutual aid programs in the health insurance market in China.

28 January 2022 - By Orlaith Lehane , Sinéad Clarke

We summarise the latest developments in Ireland and present some examples of how insurers can meet the expectations of the central bank.

27 January 2022 - By Robert Bugg, Amy Nicholson, Kelly Yang

We review the key amendments to the PRA’s Policy Statement 1/22 on insurance business transfers and consider the potential implications.

26 January 2022 - By Doug Rodgers, Katie Biese, Levani Kvariani, Nidhi Kushwah

Farmers who tap key risk management tools, such as dairy insurance, could see increased resiliency, sustainability and profitability.

24 January 2022 - By Olivier Mahieux, Romain de Harlez

Gross written premiums in our sample of Luxembourg-based life insurers decreased 20% in 2020.

21 January 2022 - By Jenica Ghorashi

We take a look at the S&P 500 Index, Russell 3000 Index, and others, along with the U.S. equity, non-U.S. equity, and U.S. fixed income.

21 January 2022 - By Neil Dissanayake, Peter Lin, Nima Shahroozi

Learn more on Solvency II discount rates, and the state of the local and global markets at month end.

21 January 2022 - By Joanne E. Fontana, Michael E. Weilant, David Bahlinger, Christin Kuretich, Ashlee Mouton Borcan, Darrell D. Spell

In December 2021, Milliman released its second Dental Survey Premium Report. This report represents 48 carriers and $37 billion of inforce premium.

21 January 2022 - By Robert Eaton, William G. Mehilos, David Bahlinger, Christin Kuretich, Ashlee Mouton Borcan, Darrell D. Spell, Michael E. Weilant

In October 2021, Milliman release its fourth Worksite Life Survey Premium Report. This report represents 20 carriers and $2.4 billion of inforce premium.

21 January 2022 - By Nathaniel Sandrowicz, David Bahlinger, Christin Kuretich, Ashlee Mouton Borcan, Darrell D. Spell, Michael E. Weilant

In December 2021, Milliman released its third Accident Insurance Survey Premium Report. This report represents 37 carriers and $3.4 billion of inforce premium.

21 January 2022 - By Ashlee Mouton Borcan, Jennifer O’Brien Howard, David Bahlinger, Christin Kuretich, Darrell D. Spell, Michael E. Weilant

In November 2021, Milliman released its third Critical Illness (CI) Survey Premium Report. This report represents 35 carriers and $2.2 billion of inforce premium.

21 January 2022 - By Ashlee Mouton Borcan, Jennifer O’Brien Howard, David Bahlinger, Christin Kuretich, Darrell D. Spell, Michael E. Weilant

In November 2021, Milliman released its fourth Hospital Indemnity (HI) Survey Premium Report. This report represents 33 carriers and $2.7 billion of inforce premium.

19 January 2022

We recap the main metrics for total liquidity for interest rate and overnight indexed swaps for December.

19 January 2022 - By Rosemary Maher

Life insurers are embracing the use of machine learning and artificial intelligence models and techniques in all areas of their business. We outline some of the use cases of these techniques in the life insurance industry.

19 January 2022 - By Rosemary Maher

We describe the economic backdrop of low interest rates and how low interest rates have affected areas such as product development, investment and asset and liability management strategies.

19 January 2022 - By Pauric Mullan, Patrick Meghen

A briefing note detailing Solvency II reporting deadlines in 2022 and the changes in the reporting framework relative to the previous year.

19 January 2022 - By Olivier Mahieux, Romain de Harlez, Sarah Huijzer

This briefing note looks at the year-end 2020 Solvency and Financial Condition Reports of a sample of non-life insurers based in Luxembourg.

18 January 2022 - By Adél Drew, Tatiana Egoshina, Jack Huffer

The simplistic nature of the standard formula for operational risk under Solvency II can lead to excessive capital requirements, so we offer another approach.

14 January 2022 - By Allen M. Klein, Alexandre Boumezoued, Amal Elfassihi

How to model the COVID-19 pandemic and forge a path to better risk insurance.

14 January 2022 - By Hervé Andrès, Alexandre Boumezoued

We describe a recent realistic modelling approach of equity volatility that offers advantages when using real world economic scenarios to analyze balance sheets.

13 January 2022 - By Paul L. Correia

Insurers reported $19.1 billion in combined short-term disability and long-term disability in-force premium in 2020, an increase from $18.4 billion in 2019.

13 January 2022 - By Zohair Motiwalla

We highlight some of the challenges when incorporating negative interest rates into the modeling of the asset and liability sides of the balance sheet.

11 January 2022 - By Claire Booth, Neil Christy, Oliver Gillespie, Isabel Stansfield

We highlight the latest noteworthy items in the life insurance industry from the EIOPA, FCA and PRA.

10 January 2022 - By Kimberly W. Guerriero, Anne C. Kallfisch, Aaron C. Koch

Insurers with higher claim severities will face additional strains from recent disasters, leading to potentially sizable impacts on reserving and property rates.

07 January 2022

We present a roundup of the top 10 most-read articles on the Milliman Ireland website last year, such as the Solvency II 2020 Review by EIOPA

06 January 2022 - By Paul Sinnott, Michael Daly, Richard W. Holloway, Wing F. Wong, Chihong An, Wen Yee Lee, Stephen H. Conwill, Philip Jackson, Heerak Basu, Shamit Gupta

Most insurers in Asia have experienced steady growth in embedded value in the first half 2021.

05 January 2022 - By Daren Lockwood, Xiaohong Mo, Adam Schenck

Milliman reports 2 basis points decrease in Hedge Cost Index for VA guarantees in December.

05 January 2022

Our top 10 Insight articles list for 2021 shows how challenges like the pandemic and legislative changes have impacted our industries.

04 January 2022 - By Carl A. Friedrich, Susan J. Saip

Our latest term-life insurance survey shows sales growing roughly 2% to $1.38 trillion in 2021 over 2020, with market share for term products fairly stable

03 January 2022 - By Neil Christy

The Prudential Regulation Authority proposed changes on Quantitative Reporting Templates, aiming to reduce the reporting burden for firms.

29 December 2021 - By Maarten Ruissaard, Maayke de Boer

On 10 December 2021 the European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority (EIOPA) published a consultation on the application guidance on running climate change materiality assessments and using climate change scenarios in the Own Risk and Solvency Assessment (ORSA).

27 December 2021 - By Donal McGinley, Joseph Sloan

Insurers can save time by generating automated actuarial reports using open-source tools such as Jupyter Notebook and Python.

23 December 2021 - By Daniël van Dam, Raymond van Es, Jan Thiemen Postema

We need to start training models that reflect the world we want to live in.

23 December 2021 - By Neil Dissanayake, Peter Lin, Nima Shahroozi

In November, major equity indices and the euro fell, major bond indices were up, and risk-free rates for the euro declined.

23 December 2021 - By Neil Dissanayake, Peter Lin, Nima Shahroozi

In November, major equity indices and the euro fell, risk-free rates for the euro declined, while inflation rose.

23 December 2021 - By Neil Dissanayake, Peter Lin, Nima Shahroozi

In November, major equity indices and the pound fell, risk-free rates for the GBP and euro declined, while inflation rose

23 December 2021 - By Adél Drew

Exponential growth for climate change could mean the work begin done now to reduce carbon emissions will have a lag before any change is seen.

21 December 2021 - By Jenny Jin, Nathan Wilbanks

The study builds on the effort we began in 2014 to provide insights into variable annuity policyholder behavior.

21 December 2021 - By Kshitij Srivastava, Frank Fineis

Looking at utilization by variable annuity policyholders, we saw a decrease in GLWB withdrawal commencement rates, and withdrawal efficiency patterns unchanged

20 December 2021 - By Kurt Lambrechts

Applying for IFRS 17 for the first time? Learn about the modified retrospective approach and the fair value approach.

17 December 2021 - By Mohamed Benkhalfa, Eliott Pradat

This white paper exposes the challenges for insurers regarding cyber risks coverage.

16 December 2021 - By Stephen R. DiCenso

Examples of shifts in attitude toward climate change in the U.S. regulatory landscape.

16 December 2021

Our monthly report reviews 18 charts showing the main metrics for total liquidity for interest rate and overnight indexed swaps, and for those same categories by tenor.

16 December 2021 - By Neil Cantle

Regulators want insurance carriers to fold climate change into their risk management and reporting, and a top-down view can identify what matters.

16 December 2021

The MicroInsurance Centre at Milliman collaborated with five different programs to develop case studies about their journeys to building a viable climate risk insurance solution.

15 December 2021 - By Despina Pantelide, George Barrett, Veekash Badal

Reserving practice can be severely affected by operational issues, so achieving best practice should be a key consideration for all firms

15 December 2021 - By Abdal Chaudhry, Miruna Dudceac, Michael Leitschkis

Life insurance companies must produce a full risk distribution in Solvency II work to capture risk interdependencies in simulations for long-term liabilities.

15 December 2021 - By Robert Eaton

LTC actuaries want to consider that actuarial assumptions based on historical data reflect some level of labor demand and supply, and that immigration has played–and will play–an important role in this equation.

15 December 2021 - By Robert Eaton

Robert Eaton and Shawna Meyer describe the speakers and topics at this year’s Virtual LTC Medical Symposium.

14 December 2021 - By Jinnie Olson, Sam Elsherbeiny

Annuity contracts via insurance companies can offer retirement plans a way to mimic or even replace regular paychecks for retiring or laid off participants

10 December 2021 - By Claire Booth, Neil Christy, Oliver Gillespie, Isabel Stansfield

We highlight the latest noteworthy items in the life insurance industry from the EIOPA, including Solvency II data, along with actions by the FCA.

08 December 2021 - By Melissa Huenefeldt

Actuaries can help risk management professionals walk through various methodologies of allocating property and casualty insurance costs.

08 December 2021 - By Tyler Armstrong, Randy Beams, Robert Eaton

To maintain assumption integrity, actuaries use the modeling principle called conservation of mortality.

07 December 2021 - By Adél Drew

How BP’s recent closure of a few petrol stations led to a fuel crisis, and what we can learn from it in terms of risk management and operational resilience.

06 December 2021 - By Robert Bugg, Claire Booth, Neil Christy, Florin Ginghina, Amy Nicholson, Isabel Stansfield, Jennifer van der Ree, Sarah Walker

We review the U.K. life insurance market, from Solvency II to climate change, to developments in various business themes.

02 December 2021 - By Daren Lockwood, Xiaohong Mo, Adam Schenck

The expected hedge cost for a hypothetical GLWB block (see Index Methodology) is estimated to be 201 bps as of the end of November 2021, up 4 basis points from the previous month, driven by a decrease in long-term interest rates.

01 December 2021 - By Pingni Eng, Erica Chan

As COP26 reminds us that climate change will impact the global financial system, insurers should now be thinking about stress testing and risk assessments.

30 November 2021

When considering risk management, a digital portfolio simulator shows how not all fund managers offering downside protection are equal.

30 November 2021 - By Andrew B. Groth, Jonathan Riehl

Smart infrastructure systems and data platforms have the potential to make cities more efficient, requiring the development of novel risk management strategies.

30 November 2021 - By Samuel Burgess, Stuart Reynolds, Lyndsay Wrobel

We consider the impact of the pandemic to firms’ supplementary reporting metrics, and their level of Solvency II Own Funds and solvency positions.

30 November 2021 - By Alexandre Boumezoued, Leo Tondolo

Sensitivity testing with dependence has the potential for a wide range of applications in reporting, such as for Solvency II, IFRS 17, and balance sheet valuation.

30 November 2021 - By Matthew McIlvanna

The Volatility Adjustment (VA) is the most widely used Long-Term Guarantee measure under Solvency II.

30 November 2021 - By John Jenkins, Dilesh Patel

In the shift to IFRS 17, many insurance companies have turned to the fair value approach for older blocks of business when other methods can’t readily be used.

30 November 2021 - By Karen K. Rudolph

The guidance confirms that actuaries working with models have a responsibility to understand their aspects and limitations, for themselves and intended users.

29 November 2021 - By Pierre-Edouard Arrouy, Paul Bonnefoy, Alexandre Boumezoued, Yousra Cherkaoui Tangi, Grzegorz Darkiewicz-Moniuszko, Sophian Mehalla

We present a calibration technique for one complex risk neutral model, relying on neural networks and significantly reducing computational time.

29 November 2021 - By Fanny Pouget, Rémi Bellina, Mehdi Echchelh, Karol Maciejewski, Christoph Krischanitz, Bartosz Gaweda, Dominik Sznajder, Raymond van Es, Talex Diede, Kshitij Srivastava, Nathan Wilbanks, Michael Hoyer, Clement Bonnet

The emergence of data analytics and machine learning is providing insurers and reinsurers with new insights into how they drive and monitor their business.

29 November 2021 - By Neil Cantle, Abdal Chaudhry, Sinéad Clarke, Eamon Comerford, Neil Dissanayake, John Gakuya, Orlaith Lehane , Michael Leitschkis, Amy Nicholson, Sophie Smyth

Since climate change will impact insurers, we developed a useful guide to help carriers account for climate-related risks.

29 November 2021 - By Neil Dissanayake, Nima Shahroozi , Grace Zhu

Since climate change will impact insurers, we developed a useful guide to help carriers account for climate-related risks.

29 November 2021 - By Neil Cantle, Abdal Chaudhry, Sinéad Clarke, John Gakuya, Orlaith Lehane , Michael Leitschkis, Amy Nicholson, Sophie Smyth

Since climate change will impact insurers, we developed a useful guide to help carriers account for climate-related risks.

29 November 2021 - By Robert W. Beal, Tasha S. Khan

Sales premiums for 2020 drop 5% to $381 million, largely attributable to COVID-19, our annual survey reveals.

22 November 2021 - By Poojan Shah, Ram Kelkar, Brian J Olson

There are significant implications of the impending discontinuation of LIBOR and transition to SOFR for U.S. annuity liability valuations.

22 November 2021 - By Neil Dissanayake, Peter Lin, Nima Shahroozi

In October, most major equity indices rose, short-term British pound yields increased, and risk-free rates for the GBP and euro were up.

18 November 2021 - By Ram Kelkar, Fiona Ng, Michelle Shen, James G. Stoltzfus

On average, we expect the C-1 amounts to increase in the range of 5% to 20%.

17 November 2021

We don’t know whether a market correction is around the corner, so plan sponsors should remind themselves the current good news won’t continue indefinitely.

17 November 2021 - By Robert Eaton, Tim Rozar

Learn what role trust plays in the digital world of insurance and how it has changed since the COVID-19 pandemic.

16 November 2021 - By Melissa Huenefeldt

Operational changes impact your company’s risk management, and actuaries can help you make the appropriate adjustments

12 November 2021

We recap the trends in volumes and trade counts for October.

12 November 2021 - By Chong Wen Ang, Pingni Eng, David Kong

Roughly two-thirds of respondents have already started their implementation projects.

12 November 2021 - By Joanne Buckle

By applying a systematic approach, health insurers can attempt to estimate the relative cost and mortality impact of different climate-related perils and their long-term impact.

10 November 2021 - By Pingni Eng, Chong Wen Ang

Insurers have the benefit of a later IFRS 17 adoption date than other countries, but face technical implementation challenges specific to the market.

09 November 2021 - By Neil Christy, Oliver Gillespie, Isabel Stansfield, James Wilkie

We highlight the latest noteworthy items from the EIOPA, ESAs, FCA, and PRA relevant to life insurance companies.

08 November 2021 - By Claire Booth, Dana-Marie Dick, Adél Drew, Lewis Duffy, Amy Nicholson, James Wilkie

This primer summarises key points to consider in addressing climate-related financial risks and opportunities.

08 November 2021 - By Noriyuki Kogo, Franck Ludwig, Takeshi Niwa, Russell Ward, Freek Zandbergen, Sihong Zhu

Learn why insurers need to have a well-thought-out prescription and they need to act on it.

08 November 2021 - By Sanjay Mohan

It’s almost a sure bet that the process of disruptive innovation will improve healthcare, as it has for so many other industries.

05 November 2021 - By Neil Dissanayake

Considering a more holistic retirement planning approach accounts for potential shocks to regular expenses, including energy.

01 November 2021 - By Daren Lockwood, Xiaohong Mo, Adam Schenck

The expected hedge cost for a hypothetical GLWB block (see Index Methodology) is estimated to be 197 bps as of the end of October 2021, up 2 basis points from the previous month, driven by a decrease in long-term interest rates.

26 October 2021 - By Wen Yee Lee, Alex Bryant, Shir Lynn Ong

This e-Alert reviews the position of participating funds in Singapore at the end of 2020, based on public information published in 2021.

26 October 2021 - By Mike A. Bergerson, Andrew H. Dalton, Andrew Duxbury, Robert Eaton, James G. Stoltzfus

The Society of Actuaries Research Institute retained Milliman, Inc. (Milliman) to conduct a survey on the impact of COVID-19 on long-term care (LTC) insurance mortality, voluntary lapse, and morbidity experience.

26 October 2021 - By Claire Booth, Adél Drew, Amy Nicholson, James Wilkie

With insurers being required to embed financial risks from climate change into their frameworks, we highlight recent updates and cover some key considerations.

21 October 2021 - By Neil Dissanayake, Peter Lin, Nima Shahroozi

September delivers some ups and downs: Equity and bond markets mostly fell, risk-free rates rose, UK inflation increased, and volatility notched upward.

20 October 2021 - By Jenica Ghorashi

Markets were mixed over the quarter as higher volatility returned, providing minimal results following strong performance in the first half of the year.

19 October 2021 - By Hana Ghazali, Derek Ling, Michael Daly

New developments give potential for Hong Kong insurers, although various challenges will need to be overcome.

18 October 2021 - By David Kirk, Avashni Rossouw, Ishkar Singh

Effective executives and boards are challenging their thinking and decisions as they manage the ongoing impact of the pandemic.

15 October 2021 - By Robert Eaton, Jennifer O’Brien Howard

Adding benefit riders to policies provides meaningful coverage for those who need it, and carriers usually can do so at a relatively low cost.

14 October 2021 - By Brian Colgan, Chong Wen Ang, Philip Jackson

What challenges are insurers facing when implementing PSAK 74 for companies in Indonesia?

14 October 2021

Our monthly report reviews 20 charts showing the main metrics for total liquidity for interest rate and overnight indexed swaps, and for those same categories by tenor.

13 October 2021 - By Michael Paczolt

As analytics move increasingly into operations, we aim to demystify the topic and bring it easily within operational reach to claims professionals.

12 October 2021 - By Joanne Buckle, Natasha Singhal

UK health insurers showed strong positions at year-end 2020, with a weighted average SCR coverage ratio of 198%, versus 178% in 2019.

08 October 2021 - By David Kirk, Richard Taylor, Avashni Rossouw, Susan Melmed, Chris van der Merwe

Rollercoaster quarter included rioting that caused widespread damage and substantial claims, while some insurers announce mandatory vaccination plans.

08 October 2021 - By Chris Giese, Allen J. Schmitz, Kevin Brown, Annie Gunnlaugsson

First in a series of articles, we discuss the features of public long-term care programs and actuarial considerations surrounding them.

07 October 2021 - By Neil Christy, Oliver Gillespie, Isabel Stansfield, James Wilkie

We cover the latest noteworthy items from the EIOPA, ESAs, EC, PRA and FCA relevant to life insurance companies.

07 October 2021 - By Brian Colgan, Halim Gunawan, Muhammad Ismail, Richard W. Holloway

Life in Indonesia: Our review of industry developments from the second quarter.

07 October 2021 - By Jamie Shooks

We highlight key metrics for risk managers and others to focus on when dealing with actuarial reports.

07 October 2021 - By Yuri Liu, Sheryl Hou, Guanjun Jiang

Actuaries can help design and improve programs to optimize performance and economic value by conducting scenario testing on program changes and other analyses.

04 October 2021 - By Diana Dodu, Marcin Krzykowski

New proposed regulation towards liberalisation of the market could catalyze growth and improve profitability, particularly given the exit of a leading player.

04 October 2021 - By Kimberly W. Guerriero

For property insurers, increasing construction costs translate into evaluating the policy limits of their current policyholders and the need for higher reserves on open claims.

04 October 2021 - By Daren Lockwood, Xiaohong Mo, Adam Schenck

The expected hedge cost for a hypothetical GLWB block (see Index Methodology) is estimated to be 195 bps as of the end of September 2021, down 11 basis points from the previous month, driven by an increase in long-term interest rates.

01 October 2021 - By Nathan Redmond, Aisling Barrett

Following the Central Bank of Ireland’s recent publication of the Solvency and Financial Condition Reports (SFCRs) for insurers based in Ireland, we have produced our annual analysis of the key figures for life insurers at year-end 2020.

30 September 2021 - By Samuel Burgess, Neil Christy, Stuart Reynolds, William Smith , Isabel Stansfield

Average SCR coverage ratio was 223% at year-end 2020, down from 232% in 2019, but the European life insurance market remains well capitalised.

30 September 2021 - By Rachel Soich

Action items include purchasing cyber insurance, thoroughly understanding D&O policies, and instituting cyber risk prevention and mitigation strategies.

29 September 2021 - By Ken Lim , Tananya Santipinyolert, Tharan Ganesan

We explore how ASEAN countries have been gradually opening up their borders, along with the progress shown by insurers in the region to adapt to the evolving situation and its repercussions for the travel insurance products of tomorrow.

27 September 2021 - By Eric P. Krafcheck

Insurers need to adapt to rising demand for transparency and accountability on how their business practices contribute to potential systemic societal inequities

27 September 2021 - By Jamie Shooks, David Bahlinger, Michael E. Weilant, Christin Kuretich, Stacy Koron

Insurers start to target pet insurance due to high growth and the perception that it remains an untapped market.

27 September 2021 - By Ellyn Russo

Influenza cases dropped to historic lows in 2020. In this podcast episode, Milliman analyzes health insurance data to explore this health care trend and its implications.

20 September 2021 - By Richard C. Frese

Social inflation has disrupted the economy and insurance industry, but how do we measure and mitigate the impact?

16 September 2021 - By Hervé Andrès, Pierre-Edouard Arrouy, Paul Bonnefoy, Alexandre Boumezoued, Sophian Mehalla, Julien Vedani

Learn why the best economic scenario generator solution provides the choice of different methods and what challenges real world models pose.

16 September 2021

ESTR volumes way up, EURIBOR swaps more muted, and SONIA volumes well above GBP LIBOR swaps across all tenors.

15 September 2021 - By Neil Dissanayake, Peter Lin, Nima Shahroozi

Review this report recapping the state of the local and global markets at month end.

13 September 2021 - By Joel S. Chansky, Arlene M. Richardson

Understand the key provisions in the 2017 Federal Income Tax Legislation, and consider these strategies to optimize after-tax income.

10 September 2021 - By Derek Newton, Ian Penfold, Vidyut Vardhan

European non-life insurers saw an average solvency coverage ratio of 241% for year-end 2020, slightly down from 245% a year earlier.

10 September 2021 - By Neil Christy, Oliver Gillespie, Isabel Stansfield, James Wilkie

We cover the latest noteworthy items from the EIOPA and PRA in the UK, organized by agency and date.

09 September 2021 - By Florin Ginghina, Lewis Duffy

Many companies will be keen to submit responses or at least understand the potential impact any changes to the Solvency II regime may have on balance sheets

08 September 2021 - By Hervé Andrès, Pierre-Edouard Arrouy, Alexandre Boumezoued, Eric Serant

We explore a new methodology to show lower equity shocks, since stock markets are mean-reverting and insurers hold equities for the long-term.

03 September 2021 - By Adel Cherchali, Abdal Chaudhry, Michael Leitschkis, Julien Vedani

Proxy models are not always easy to validate, so we present a useful framework to make LSMC troubleshooting more accurate.

03 September 2021 - By David Kirk

New regulations encourage innovation and transformation in South Africa’s insurance industry

02 September 2021 - By Daren Lockwood, Xiaohong Mo, Adam Schenck

The expected hedge cost for a hypothetical GLWB block (see Index Methodology) is estimated to be 206 bps as of the end of August 2021, up 2 basis points from the previous month, driven by a decrease in long-term interest rates.

02 September 2021 - By Durand Oliver

Risk may be rising, but investors still have time to review key lessons to avoid making the same mistakes that have destroyed portfolios in past crises.

01 September 2021

For this PULSE survey, we looked at employee financial well-being in the face of an enduring global pandemic.

01 September 2021 - By Susan Melmed, David Kirk

The Prudential Authority (PA) published in July the draft Prudential Standard on public disclosures for insurers (PDI) and related guidance notice (GN) for public comment.

31 August 2021 - By Eoin King, Ankur Jain

This paper covers a number of areas including how LACDT is calculated under the Solvency II regulations, how firms can justify an allowance for LACDT, the modelling of future taxable profits, the practical challenges in recognition of LACDT, amongst others.

25 August 2021 - By Paul Sinnott, Michael Daly, Richard W. Holloway, Wing F. Wong, Chihong An, Wen Yee Lee, Stephen H. Conwill

While gross written premium fell by 0.4%, embedded value grew by 13.2%.

25 August 2021 - By Priya Sharma, Neha Taneja

Buyer beware: Effective due diligence of targets demands a unique knowledge base of current market pricing and market views on potential transactions.

24 August 2021 - By Carl X. Ashenbrenner, S. Andrew Kline

U.S. general aviation premium increased 33% over the last two years, and market profitability has been consistently negative over the last five.

23 August 2021 - By Neil Dissanayake, Peter Lin, Nima Shahroozi

Our snapshot for end of July: Equity markets mixed, credit markets bounce back, UK inflation up, and volatility on the rise.

20 August 2021 - By Peter Franken, Dominik Sznajder, Romain de Harlez, Floris Brull

This briefing note looks at the year-end 2020 Solvency and Financial Condition Reports (SFCRs) of selected non-life insurers based in the Netherlands

18 August 2021 - By Joanne Buckle

Examine different facets of health insurance through an eco-friendly lens.

18 August 2021 - By Brian N. Anderson, David Cusick

Milliman’s Payment Integrity Tool and Mastercard’s AI Express Tool identified $239 million in healthcare fraud, waste and abuse.

17 August 2021 - By David Bahlinger, Stuart D. Rachlin

We surveyed 20 key players to gauge the impact of the pandemic on the industry, providing a benchmark for all on various elements of the business.

16 August 2021 - By Rong Yi

Despite slowdown in population growth, China’s commercial health insurance market still has a lot of room to grow for the foreseeable future.

13 August 2021 - By Charles J. Clark, Casey B. Baldwin

Milliman consultants help plan sponsors understand the IRS’ guidance under notice 2021-48 and how it will impact defined benefit pension plans.

10 August 2021 - By David P. Mirkin, William J. Fox

Historically low MLRs give commercial insurers a unique opportunity to make targeted investments in quality improvement and efficiency measures.

09 August 2021 - By Andrew Gilchrist, Claire Booth, Kapil Relwani, Sahil Bhandari

Market participants have until Sept. 30 to submit comments on the FCA’s proposals regarding the disclosure documents they provide to retail investors post-Brexit.

09 August 2021 - By Neil Christy, Oliver Gillespie, Isabel Stansfield, James Wilkie

We chronicle the latest noteworthy items in the regulatory landscape for life insurance companies in the UK, organized by agency and date.

06 August 2021 - By Maarten Ruissaard, Kendall Carolissen

A more unified approach across Europe means certain insurers and supervisors need to adjust their approach to comply with the revised guidelines.

03 August 2021 - By Mark Whatley, Juraidah Hussain

The number of accounts shows an even participation between the genders, but member balances for men are about 10% higher than those of women.

03 August 2021 - By Daren Lockwood, Xiaohong Mo, Adam Schenck

The expected hedge cost for a hypothetical GLWB block (see Index Methodology1) is estimated to be 204 bps as of the end of July 2021, up 7 basis points from the previous month, driven by a decrease in long-term interest rates.

02 August 2021 - By Richard C. Frese

As Jeff Bezos, Richard Branson and passengers make it to space, a new area of risk arises for the insurance industry.

30 July 2021 - By Charlie Howell, Kapil Relwani

We summarize recent guidance, which covers how insurers can harness the benefits of AI, address the risks it generates, and promote trust in its use.

29 July 2021 - By Claire Booth, Neil Christy, Jessica Crowson, Lewis Duffy, Florin Ginghina, Ian Humphries, Stuart Reynolds, Sarah Walker, Sihong Zhu

While the PRA stresses QIS should not be viewed as policy proposals, firms should consider the impact the exercise could have on their balance sheets.

28 July 2021 - By Russell Ward, John Jenkins

We summarise key points from our engrossing and wide-ranging discussion with senior insurance investment professionals in July.

23 July 2021 - By Neil Dissanayake, Peter Lin, Nima Shahroozi

Keeping you apprised: View snapshot on the local market and beyond.

23 July 2021 - By Jenica Ghorashi

Markets were up broadly over the quarter as the global economic recovery continued.

23 July 2021 - By Derek Newton, Ian Penfold, Marc Smillie

A comprehensive macro and micro view of the latest EU SFCRs for UK and Gibraltar carriers.

22 July 2021 - By Christin Kuretich

I’d like to examine the word "strategy" not as a buzzword, but as a guide. Taking a step back—what does strategy mean, anyway?

21 July 2021 - By Chris Beck, Blake Fleisher

Following AXA’s decision to scale back underwriting insurance that reimburses payments, we examine how companies can analyze whether to pay ransom themselves

21 July 2021 - By Neil Christy, John Jenkins, Stuart Reynolds

A time of transition: Considerations for the future regulatory landscape in the United Kingdom

19 July 2021 - By Brian Fomby

The right approach will result in better use of the team and technology, greater retention of talent, and a more successful outcome of the transformation

19 July 2021 - By Pang-Hsiang Chye, Ken Lim , Tananya Santipinyolert, Tarinee Sriboonchaichusakul

The latest market info and more: Overall premiums up 4.3% in early 2021 year over year, while net loss ratio edges 1.6% lower.

19 July 2021 - By Brian Colgan, Halim Gunawan, Richard W. Holloway

Life in Indonesia: Our review of industry developments from the first quarter.

19 July 2021 - By Robert Eaton, Missy Gordon

This podcast episode explores aging-in-place, including potential policy changes, implications for payers and policyholders, recent innovations, and trends such as telehealth.

16 July 2021

ESTR volumes drop again in June, while volumes for EURIBOR swaps trading remain stable, and those for SONIA continue overtaking GPB LIBOR swaps

15 July 2021 - By Tyler Armstrong, Randy Beams, Robert Eaton

The preferred solution for Med Supp modeling is a modern actuarial modeling software platform because of the effective risk governance framework, efficient assumption management, logical inputs, and the capability of modeling complex variable interactions.

09 July 2021 - By Neil Christy, Oliver Gillespie, William Smith , Isabel Stansfield

Keeping you apprised on UK life insurance with our summary of regulatory developments for June.

08 July 2021 - By Simon Ho

Milliman explains in a Q&A with financial advisors how SmartShield works and why it provides a compelling reason to stay invested through all market conditions.

08 July 2021 - By Carl A. Friedrich, Susan J. Saip

Our comprehensive 2020 survey covers key issues in the markets for universal life, indexed universal life and variable universal life.

07 July 2021 - By Daren Lockwood, Xiaohong Mo, Adam Schenck

The expected hedge cost for a hypothetical GLWB block (see Index Methodology1) is estimated to be 197 bps as of the end of June 2021, up 13 basis points from the previous month, driven by a decrease in long-term interest rates.

06 July 2021 - By Andrew Henning, David Kirk

Insurer beware: Before more guidance from South African regulators becomes available, we offer our approach to calculating the SAM non-life risk margin.

06 July 2021 - By Kevin Manning, Paul Marron, Eamon Comerford

Commercial and residential mortgages can give European life insurers meaningful returns in the search for yield.

02 July 2021 - By David Bahlinger, Ashlee Mouton Borcan, Darrell D. Spell, Michael E. Weilant

Our report on the supplement market shows the effects of COVID-19: Inforce premium rose only 1.2% to $62 billion in 2020 from 2019, but still a positive sign.

02 July 2021 - By David Kirk, Richard Taylor, Avashni Rossouw, Susan Melmed, Chris van der Merwe

Our second quarter recap covers the country’s latest developments relevant to insurers.

30 June 2021 - By Trever Mertz

With relentless annual increases in legal costs for companies, we answer some questions on spend management platforms, clarifying their key distinctions.

28 June 2021 - By Ellyn Russo, Thomas Pu, David V. Williams, Melody Craff, Jennifer R. Cohen

Did the influenza virus also follow stay-at-home orders for 2020-21 season? We offer three hypotheses to explain a 94% drop in cases.

28 June 2021 - By David E. Forbes

Sorting it all out: This report summarizes the main features and differences for FASB, IFRS and statutory accounting.

24 June 2021 - By Neil Dissanayake, Peter Lin, Nima Shahroozi

Keeping you apprised: View snapshot on the local market and beyond.

23 June 2021 - By Victor Huang

Older investors need to be particularly cognizant of controlling volatility and minimizing the impact of sustained market drawdowns

23 June 2021 - By Heidi tenBroek, Rebecca Schiffer

Using inclusive language consistently and pervasively sends a strong message that inclusivity is a value of your organization. Your employees will notice.

21 June 2021 - By Mark Whatley, Juraidah Hussain

The female-to-male ratio of long-term savings in Singapore improved to 90.7% in 2019, up from 85.4% in 2009, signaling a narrowing of the gender gap.

18 June 2021

May 2021: ESTR volumes drop, EURIBOR volume stable, and SONIA volumes well above GPB LIBOR swaps

18 June 2021 - By Michael Paczolt

Learn how to maximize your ROI by integrating your claims data with AI.

18 June 2021 - By Heidi tenBroek, Sharon Stocker

Milliman case study: How we helped a company needing to cut its workforce convince 35% of participants to voluntarily accept early retirement.

16 June 2021 - By Durand Oliver

Why downside protection, an effective risk management technique used by insurers, is the way to safeguard investment portfolios from extended market downturns.

14 June 2021 - By Neil Christy, Oliver Gillespie, William Smith , Isabel Stansfield

Keeping you apprised on UK life insurance: Check out our summary of regulatory developments for May.

07 June 2021 - By Nancy P. Watkins

The need to cross-pollinate: Milliman gathers industry leaders to discuss climate impacts and solutions, working to solve the problem of climate resilience.

04 June 2021 - By Elizabeth Anne Jackson, Brenda Runyan, Luke Metz, James Kenney

Evaluating multiyear payment arrangements? Assess retention rates for patients with rare diseases.

04 June 2021 - By Conor Callaghan , Eoin King

Recovery plan requirements update: This briefing note summarises the published regulations and guidelines of the Central Bank of Ireland (CBI).

03 June 2021 - By Daren Lockwood, Xiaohong Mo, Adam Schenck

The expected hedge cost for a hypothetical GLWB block (see Index Methodology1 ) is estimated to be 184 bps as of the end of May 2021, up 2 basis points from the previous month, driven by a decrease in long-term interest rates.

01 June 2021 - By Pierre-Edouard Arrouy, Charles Boddele , Grzegorz Darkiewicz-Moniuszko, Russell Ward

While setting the overall discount rate under IFRS 17 might seem overwhelming, we give some practical considerations to get the job done.

27 May 2021 - By Patrick Meghen, James Johnston

In this briefing note we discuss some of the main items for firms to consider in this proposed guidance.

26 May 2021 - By Bruce R. Mitton

You probably aren’t lucky enough to benefit from the traditional company retirement plans of old, but buying an annuity might be the next best thing.

21 May 2021

ESTR volumes way up, EURIBOR swaps more muted, and SONIA volumes well above GBP LIBOR swaps across all tenors.

21 May 2021 - By Chris Giese, Annie Gunnlaugsson, Evan Pollock

LTC brief: The number of individuals with long-term care insurance slightly declined over the years, but private claim counts rose over 50% over the past decade, surpassing 275,000 in 2019.

19 May 2021 - By Neil Dissanayake, Peter Lin, Nima Shahroozi

Our April snapshot of the U.K. and beyond for Solvency II rates and the markets in 25 charts and tables.

18 May 2021 - By Brian Z. Brown, Rachel Soich, Christopher Fredericks

Protect yourself: How errors and omissions coverage can safeguard against potential lawsuits for professional services firms.

17 May 2021 - By Sinéad Clarke, Orlaith Lehane

The European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority (EIOPA) has published its opinion on the supervision of the use of climate change risk scenarios in ORSA.

17 May 2021 - By Ehab Atassi, Neha Taneja, Rahaf Alhodaif

Ways to reduce the burden of road traffic accidents in Saudi Arabia.

14 May 2021 - By Alexandre Boumezoued, Fanny Pouget, Freek Zandbergen

Key takeaways from EIOPA’s comparative study on market and credit risk modelling.

11 May 2021 - By Neil Christy, Oliver Gillespie, William Smith , Isabel Stansfield

UK life insurance: Summary of regulatory developments for April.

05 May 2021 - By Durand Oliver

Investors can maintain upside exposure to growth assets and achieve a high level of insulation against market risk by constructing portfolios with Maverick’s confidence and Iceman’s discipline.

04 May 2021 - By Daren Lockwood, Xiaohong Mo, Adam Schenck

The expected hedge cost for a hypothetical GLWB block (see Index Methodology1) is estimated to be 182 bps as of the end of April 2021, up 6 basis points from the previous month, driven by a decrease in long-term interest rates.

04 May 2021 - By Josh Dobiac, Maarten Ruissaard, Freek Zandbergen

Explore the intertemporal dynamics as hedged liabilities age in Solvency II hedging: Part three in a series.

30 April 2021 - By Alicia Gounden

Climate change presents risks and opportunities for South African insurers.

28 April 2021 - By Jenica Ghorashi

First quarter 2021 market recap: Equities rise, but bonds fall due to rising longer-duration interest rates.

28 April 2021

Benchmark Rates Liquidity Monitor for March 2021: ESTR volumes up, and SONIA volumes overtake GBP LIBOR swaps for key long-term tenors.

27 April 2021 - By Victor Huang

Why retirees need a new way to balance risk and return in the wake of COVID-19.

26 April 2021 - By Sinéad Clarke, Kevin Manning

The onset of the COVID-19 pandemic has had numerous impacts on health systems worldwide, with extra support needed globally to address the healthcare needs associated with the pandemic.

21 April 2021 - By Eamonn Phelan, Conor Callaghan

This briefing note considers aspects that supervisors have recently commented upon, along with other topical areas that companies may find useful to consider when preparing their 2021 ORSA.

20 April 2021

Milliman Focus: An update on important work we’re doing with respect to long-term care.

20 April 2021 - By Neil Dissanayake, Peter Lin, Nima Shahroozi

This report recaps the state of the local and global markets at month's end. The report includes graphs, tables and commentary on the equity, bond, and currency markets both domestically and globally.

13 April 2021 - By Neil Christy, Oliver Gillespie, William Smith , Isabel Stansfield

UK life insurance: Summary of regulatory developments for March.

08 April 2021 - By Chad C. Karls

Effective management of defense costs now requires legal claims analytics, with the adoption of new technologies that add visibility and inform business decisions.

07 April 2021 - By David Evans, Cody Webb, Andrew Netter, Brandon Katz (KatRisk LLC)

Flooding stands out among other natural catastrophes because of the risk it poses to mortgages, and therefore the financial health of the average U.S. homeowner, as Milliman and KatRisk experts explain.

06 April 2021 - By Donal McGinley, Cormac Gleeson, Matthew McIlvanna, Eóin Stack

In this briefing note, we look at how organisations can structure their model governance framework and provide some ideas on how actuaries can consider the new section of ASP-PA2, in relation to model governance to ensure that they are meeting the standard.

05 April 2021 - By Van Beach, Jonathan B. Glowacki, Makho Mashoba, Benjamin J. L. Buttin, Alexandre Boumezoued, Joe Long, Zohair Motiwalla, Josh Dobiac, Antoine Ly, David South

A comprehensive look at uses of cloud computing and machine learning in the actuarial profession.

05 April 2021

Benchmark Rates Liquidity Monitor for February 2021.

02 April 2021 - By Larry Baeder, Peggy Brinkmann, Eric J Xu

Machine learning algorithms fit models based on patterns identified in data and can be very complex.

02 April 2021 - By Daren Lockwood, Xiaohong Mo, Adam Schenck

The expected hedge cost for a hypothetical GLWB block (see Index Methodology1 ) is estimated to be 176 bps as of the end of March 2021, down 18 basis points from the previous month, driven by an increase in long-term interest rates.

29 March 2021 - By Brian Colgan, David Kong, Halim Gunawan, Richard W. Holloway

Life in Indonesia: Our March 2021 review of industry developments from the fourth quarter.

23 March 2021 - By Robert Eaton, James G. Stoltzfus, Andrew H. Dalton, Mike A. Bergerson

The Society of Actuaries (SOA) retained Milliman, Inc. (Milliman) to conduct a survey on the impact of COVID-19 on Long-Term Care (LTC) insurance mortality, voluntary lapse, and morbidity experience.

22 March 2021 - By Mike A. Bergerson, Missy Gordon, John Hebig, Joe Long

How new approaches to model visualization can support greater understanding of results.

19 March 2021 - By Chris Harner, Chris Beck, Blake Fleisher

This white paper discusses the importance of modeling cyber risk for businesses.

17 March 2021 - By Lupco Blazeski, Keith Lockwood, Suzanne Norman, Peter H. Sun

This paper introduces Milliman’s Retirement Income Security Evaluation (RISE) Score, which measures how well a retirement portfolio will be able to cover basic living expenses, health care and other costs after leaving the workforce.

17 March 2021 - By Amy Nicholson, Dianie Ravinthiranathan, Jennifer van der Ree

Some thoughts on potential approaches to winding up with-profits funds.

11 March 2021 - By Russell Ward, Neil Dissanayake, Nima Shahroozi

While inflation is stable today, members should manage this rising risk for their portfolios.

11 March 2021

Trading volumes in EUR and GBP interest rates swaps and overnight index swaps picked up in January 2021.

09 March 2021 - By Neil Christy, Oliver Gillespie, William Smith , Isabel Stansfield

UK life insurance: February regulatory roundup of updates by three relevant agencies.

03 March 2021 - By Olivier Mahieux, Romain de Harlez

Market insight from year-end 2019 SFCRs: Sample of non-life insurers based in Luxembourg.

02 March 2021 - By Daren Lockwood, Xiaohong Mo, Adam Schenck

The expected hedge cost for a hypothetical GLWB block (see Index Methodology1) is estimated to be 194 bps as of the end of February 2021, down 27 basis points from the previous month, driven by an increase in long-term interest rates.

02 March 2021 - By Jan Thiemen Postema, Raymond van Es

Explainable AI in practice: Build trust and encourage adoption.

26 February 2021 - By Olivier Mahieux, Romain de Harlez

Market insight from year-end 2019 SFCRs: A sample of life insurers based in Luxembourg.

23 February 2021 - By Sheila Jelinek, Suzanne Norman, Jeanne Russo

This paper details the low rates of financial literacy in the U.S., explores the factors behind it, and offers some timely ideas and resources for raising our level of financial literacy as a society.

22 February 2021 - By Eamonn Phelan, Orlaith Lehane , Rosemary Maher

EIOPA, as part of the Solvency II 2020 review have suggested that all insurers should draft a Liquidity Risk Management Plan (LRMP).

22 February 2021 - By Josh Dobiac, Maarten Ruissaard, Dmitry Zamkovoy, Freek Zandbergen

Interest Rate Risk Management under Solvency II: Impact of the DLT assessment.

19 February 2021 - By Neil Dissanayake, Peter Lin, Nima Shahroozi

London Market Monitor: A recap of January's macroeconomic statistics related to risk management.

17 February 2021 - By Ian Penfold, Natasha Singhal, Sophie Smyth

In this paper, we discuss how insurance companies can consider the impact of climate change through their Own Risk and Solvency Assessment (ORSA).

12 February 2021 - By Daren Lockwood, Xiaohong Mo, Adam Schenck

The expected hedge cost for a hypothetical GLWB block (see Index Methodology1) is estimated to be 221 bps as of the end of January 2021, down 8 basis points from the previous month, driven by an increase in long-term interest rates.

12 February 2021 - By Tian Kang Lim, Victor Huang

Transaction costs incurred within rebalancing strategies, can result in a material drag on performance.

10 February 2021 - By Pierre-Edouard Arrouy, Charles Boddele , Grzegorz Darkiewicz-Moniuszko, Russell Ward, Freek Zandbergen, Sihong Zhu

This paper is part of a series covering the overall process for discount rates under IFRS 17, specifically the number of steps required to set a discount rate.

10 February 2021 - By Pang-Hsiang Chye, Ken Lim

Overall, Non-Life industry direct premiums grew by nearly 4% in the 2020. Motor premiums declined in H1 but recovered strongly in H2, resulting in full year growth of 1.4%.

09 February 2021 - By Joanne E. Fontana, Thomas D. Murawski

COVID-19 has lead to potential downward and upward pressures on dental claims for dental industry stakeholders, including dental care providers, consumers and dental insurance carriers.

04 February 2021 - By Heerak Basu, Philip Jackson, Sanket Kawatkar, Richard W. Holloway

This e-Alert discusses key announcements affecting the Indian life insurance industry.

02 February 2021 - By Neil Christy, Jack Huffer, Russell Osman, Philip Simpson, Russell Ward

This note considers who may be affected by the new international Insurance Capital Standard and the impact the new standard has on the evaluation of available and required capital.

01 February 2021 - By John Jenkins, Peter Lin, Russell Ward, Sihong Zhu

On 7 January 2021, the Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA) published Consultation Paper 1/21, setting out the plan for the transition of the UK Solvency II discount curve to a curve that references the Sterling Overnight Index Average (SONIA).

29 January 2021 - By Neil Dissanayake, Nima Shahroozi

In the area of investment management, the events of 2020 have brought the importance of risk management to the fore.

27 January 2021 - By Dmitry Zamkovoy

Cost pressures, efficiency of outsourcing and COVID-19 have all converged to make a compelling case for investment companies to reconsider outsourcing the trading function.

26 January 2021 - By Evan Pollock, Rachel Marsiglio , Juliet M. Spector

This paper provides guidance for insurers on how to prepare clean, efficient rate increase filings and to help carriers work with regulators to incorporate the information they seek.

26 January 2021 - By Annie Shen, Sheri Lee Scott, Katherine Dalis

To better understand its exposure to wildfire, the California Fair Access to Insurance Requirements Plan asked Zesty.ai, Inc., a company that provides a wildfire risk score model, to score the FAIR plan properties relative to wildfire risk.

19 January 2021

Markets continued their advance over the quarter as accomodative monetary policy and multiple COVID-19 vaccine approvals bolstered the economic recovery.

19 January 2021 - By Neil Dissanayake, Peter Lin, Nima Shahroozi

Equity markets made gains in December as optimism continued to grow with the COVID-19 vaccination programmes rolled out in parts of the world.

19 January 2021 - By Paul Sinnott, Michael Daly, Richard W. Holloway, Wing F. Wong, Chihong An, Wen Yee Lee, Stephen H. Conwill, Sanket Kawatkar, Shamit Gupta

This report provides a summary of the mid-year 2020 embedded value results disclosed by Asian insurers.

19 January 2021 - By Sinéad Clarke, Orlaith Lehane , Eóin Stack

The aim of this briefing note is to provide a “beginner’s guide” to climate risk for Irish insurers, an introduction to what the Central Bank of Ireland and the European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority are currently doing in relation to climate-related risk and what insurers could do to increase understanding of climate-related risk.

15 January 2021 - By Matthew McIlvanna

This briefing note provides a short case study on migrating an Excel/VBA model to Milliman Mind.

14 January 2021 - By Neil Christy, Oliver Gillespie, William Smith , Isabel Stansfield

A summary of any regulatory updates published during December 2020 that may be of relevance to life insurance companies.

12 January 2021 - By Ashlee Mouton Borcan, Grigori Lev, Stephen Rook

What are some common critical illness benefit triggers found in the U.S. marketplace?

12 January 2021 - By Michael J. McCord, Abhisheik Dhawan

To begin to efficiently address resilience to climate-driven events, we need to enlist governments, insurers, banks and asset managers, infrastructure experts, and technical assistance and research firms.

12 January 2021 - By Stoddard Davenport

The COVID-19 pandemic has spurred—and aggravated—a range of mental health and substance use issues in the United States, and Milliman’s Stoddard Davenport discusses recent statistics on the topic and what the road ahead may look like for mental health in America.

05 January 2021

This article lists the top 10 most read articles on the Milliman Ireland website in 2020.

04 January 2021 - By Daren Lockwood, Xiaohong Mo, Adam Schenck

The expected hedge cost for a hypothetical GLWB block (see Index Methodology1) is estimated to be 229 bps as of the end of December 2020, down 10 basis points from the previous month, driven by an increase in long-term interest rates.

29 December 2020 - By Michael Graney, Fiona Ng, Ashleigh Sandrock, James G. Stoltzfus, Susan Tan

With earnings under pressure, the search for investment yields continues to be a big challenge faced by U.S. life insurers, and it will continue to be one of the most important focuses in the years to come.

29 December 2020 - By Maarten Ruissaard, Freek Zandbergen

This paper summarises the effects of changes to the speed of convergence on the discount curve and the introduction of the speed of convergence drag.

23 December 2020 - By Robert Eaton, David Bahlinger

Milliman’s inaugural 2020 Short-Term Care (STC) Insurance Survey captures rich market data representing eight major STC insurers and $110 million of inforce premium.

22 December 2020 - By Ashlee Mouton Borcan, Jennifer O’Brien Howard, David Bahlinger, Darrell D. Spell, Michael E. Weilant

Milliman’s inaugural Critical Illness (CI) Survey represents 38 carriers and $1.4 billion in inforce premium, and explores numerous facets of the CI market.

22 December 2020 - By Ashlee Mouton Borcan, Jennifer O’Brien Howard, David Bahlinger, Darrell D. Spell, Michael E. Weilant

The Milliman 2020 Critical Illness (CI) Survey represents 38 carriers and $1.8 billion in inforce premium, and explores numerous facets of the CI market.

22 December 2020 - By Nathaniel Sandrowicz, David Bahlinger, Darrell D. Spell, Michael E. Weilant

The Milliman 2020 Accident Insurance Survey represents 39 carriers and $3.5 billion in inforce premium, and covers both Accident Indemnity and Accident Medical Expense.

22 December 2020 - By Robert Eaton, William G. Mehilos, David Bahlinger, Michael E. Weilant

This 2020 Worksite Life Survey represents 20 carriers and $2.0 billion in inforce premium, and focuses on term, whole life, and universal life products.

21 December 2020

This year was a year like no other with COVID-19 dominating the news. It’s no surprise then that COVID-19 also dominated Milliman's top 10 list of most read articles for the year.

18 December 2020 - By James Johnston, Joanne Tan, Aisling Barrett

This report analyses the SFCRs of life insurance companies in Ireland at year-end 2019 covering written premiums, investments and solvency ratios.

17 December 2020 - By Neil Dissanayake, Peter Lin, Nima Shahroozi

Equity markets had a very strong performance in November as investor confidence grew on the back of the announcement of three effective vaccines against COVID-19 and increased political certainty following the US election.

17 December 2020 - By Alexander Krauskopf , Christelle Desouhant, Joanne Buckle, José Silveiro, Judith Houtepen, Sinéad Clarke, Kishan Desai

This analysis compares information provided in the Quantitative Reporting Templates and Solvency and Financial Condition Reports and makes observations about the balance sheets and risk exposures of European health insurers.

16 December 2020 - By Neil Dissanayake, Victor Huang, Ram Kelkar, Peter Lin, David Schreiner, Nima Shahroozi , Brendan Tease

This report summarizes key findings from the 2020 update to Milliman's survey of derivative usage for risk management in the global life insurance industry.

16 December 2020 - By Wing F. Wong, Yun-Tien Lee, Shenglan Ko, Kwan Yau

In an effort to enhance insurers’ fortunes in using their own data, we conducted research into product recommendation systems to demonstrate how recommendation techniques commonly used by digital retailers can also assist insurers.

11 December 2020 - By Neil Christy, Oliver Gillespie, William Smith , Isabel Stansfield

A summary of any regulatory updates published during November 2020 that may be of relevance to life insurance companies.

03 December 2020 - By Josh Dobiac, Maarten Ruissaard, Freek Zandbergen

This paper addresses how hedgers can manage Solvency Capital Requirements, given the details of the proposed changes communicated by EIOPA in its consultation document.

01 December 2020 - By Daren Lockwood, Xiaohong Mo, Adam Schenck

The expected hedge cost for a hypothetical GLWB block (see Index Methodology1) is estimated to be 239 bps as of the end of November 2020, down 2 basis points from the previous month, driven by a decrease in volatility.

01 December 2020 - By Robert Eaton, Missy Gordon

One strong step in making long-term care (LTC) an acceptable, insurable risk for insurance companies is to better understand the latent morbidity risk in advance of an LTC need.

01 December 2020 - By Robert Eaton, Katja Hanewald, Tin Long Ho

This article describes new mechanisms to fund long-term care using housing wealth.

25 November 2020 - By Taylor McKinnon, Stephen Tabachnick

State Departments of Insurance have issued special rules, regulations, and guidance for insurers related to the COVID-19 pandemic. The scope of this report is limited to such information applicable to accident and health insurance only and focuses on the impact that COVID-19 regulatory actions have on product administration.

24 November 2020 - By Mike A. Bergerson, Andrew H. Dalton, Robert Eaton, James G. Stoltzfus

This report presents the results of Milliman's survey of long-term care (LTC) insurance companies pertaining to the potential impact of COVID-19 on LTC business,

24 November 2020 - By David Burston, Charlie Howell, Andrew Gilchrist, Philip Simpson

Life insurance has a data-fuelled business model that makes it an industry that appears, on the surface, to be well primed for the technological advances that artificial intelligence can offer in addressing the challenges it faces in an increasingly digital world.

24 November 2020 - By Andrew Kay, Freek Zandbergen, Cormac Gleeson

Andrew Kay provides an update on recent IFRS 17 developments, Freek Zandbergen presents on setting IFRS 17 discount rates, and Cormac Gleeson discusses the challenges faced by insurers in determining the confidence level of the Risk Adjustment under IFRS 17.

20 November 2020 - By Ellyn Russo, David V. Williams, Jennifer R. Cohen

This article considers the performance of select vaccines against various communicable diseases caused by viruses.

18 November 2020 - By Brian Colgan, David Kong, Halim Gunawan, Richard W. Holloway

Developments in the Indonesian life insurance industry during the period from 1 July 2020 to 30 September 2020.

18 November 2020 - By Neil Dissanayake, Peter Lin, Nima Shahroozi

Most major equity indices experienced material losses in October, as the rising number of COVID-19 cases forced some European governments to introduce new lockdown restrictions, while emerging markets outperformed their developed market counterparts.

17 November 2020 - By Brian Z. Brown, Michael D. Price, Patricia A. Teufel, Steve Wilson

While improvements in governance and regulatory oversight over the last two decades have equipped audit committees with a greater understanding of what the risks are to reserves, there is little information available regarding how audit committee members should challenge actuaries and management to ensure that risks are being identified, clearly reported, and addressed.

17 November 2020 - By Eamonn Phelan, Fred Vosvenieks, Cormac Gleeson, Eóin Stack, Gavin Maher

What are some approaches to developing a robust suite of Key Risk Indicators and what are the wider considerations for risk reporting?

17 November 2020 - By Patrick Meghen, Eoin King, Eamonn Phelan

Patrick Meghen provides an update on changes in Solvency II-related requirements, Eoin King discusses the latest on ORSA, and Eamonn Phelan presents recent Milliman thought leadership on the design, calibration and reporting of effective key risk indicators.

17 November 2020 - By Smitha Radhakrishna

The potential benefits of integrating artificial intelligence into our healthcare ecosystem and devices are numerous, including automation of tasks, analyses of patient data, and delivery of better healthcare.

16 November 2020 - By Chris Harner, Chris Beck, Blake Fleisher

To balance the time-sensitive nature of the M&A process with the need to protect against acquiring a breach and destroying value, firms need to employ an efficient and repeatable cyber risk analysis strategy.

16 November 2020 - By Dan Mulhern

What are the actual effects of deferred and foregone care on total spending for the commercially insured population?

13 November 2020 - By Catherine M. Murphy-Barron, Doug Norris, Daniel J. Perlman

As chief financial officers and actuaries attempt to determine the pandemic’s impact on year-end financial statements, this article describes five issues that require additional attention.

12 November 2020 - By Samuel Burgess, David Burston, Stuart Reynolds, Lyndsay Wrobel

This publication provides a summary of the Solvency II-based metrics that a sample of 20 companies in Europe are disclosing as at year-end 2019 and the associated explanatory information.

11 November 2020 - By Alexandre Boumezoued, Amal Elfassihi, Cormac Gleeson, Andrew Kay, Orlaith Lehane , Bertrand Lespinasse, Damien Louvet

This paper presents a solution to address (re)insurers’ challenges, including how to determine the confidence level needed for disclosure purposes and how to restate a given confidence level over different time horizons.

11 November 2020 - By Sheri Lee Scott

The 2020 wildfire season so far has offered no relief, with CAL FIRE reporting over four million acres burned calendar year to date, more than the two prior calendar years combined.

09 November 2020 - By Martijn van Rooijen, Maarten Ruissaard, Kendall Carolissen

This paper aims to provide a comparison of capital treatments for different asset classes with the focus limited to European commercial banks and life insurers.

09 November 2020 - By Neil Cantle, Dana-Marie Dick, Amy Nicholson

This paper provides a summary of the EIOPA consultation that builds on work started by the Bank of England, requiring firms to consider climate change risks in the Insurance Stress Test 2019 exercise and the 2021 biennial exploratory scenario on financial risks from climate change.

06 November 2020 - By Georges Abbey , Alex Bryant, Clement Bonnet, Jessica Crowson, Grzegorz Darkiewicz-Moniuszko, Paul Fulcher, Rikiya Ino, Ed Morgan, Freek Zandbergen, Sihong Zhu

This year’s asset liability management (ALM) Metrics Survey seeks to understand the current international practice in a variety of representative markets in terms of the approaches and the metrics used in ALM by global life insurers and discusses what might be considered best practices and how this might evolve in the future.

06 November 2020 - By Jason Fichtner

How annuity decisions are framed has a major impact on the decision to annuitize. This essay offers three ideas to help work within this dynamic.

06 November 2020 - By George A. Sandy Mackenzie

Both preretired and already retired households have always faced, in varying degrees of severity, five basic risks. This essay describes and analyzes each of the five risks in detail.

06 November 2020 - By Colin Devine, Ken Mungan

Americans entering retirement face a considerable level of risk from the triple threat of longevity, market volatility, and long-term care.

05 November 2020 - By Lalit Baveja, Samyukta Achar

This paper discusses the implementation and practical uses of wearables in the private medical insurance market.

05 November 2020 - By Maarten Ruissaard, Freek Zandbergen

This briefing note reviews the impact of lower interest rates on an alternative method that extrapolates long-term interest rates as part of Solvency II regulations.

04 November 2020 - By David V. Williams, Jacob Bryniarski

Spurred on by COVID-19, mobile health has emerged as a promising technology that could have a material impact on addressing the Quadruple Aim of healthcare.

03 November 2020 - By Derek Newton, Marc Smillie , Ian Penfold

Our European analysis of the non-life market covers 884 companies from 15 countries which together comprise almost £350 billion of gross written premium and over £504 billion of gross non-life technical provisions.

03 November 2020 - By Smitha Radhakrishna

Digital health is expanding, and its power is especially relevant now during the COVID-19 pandemic.

03 November 2020 - By Daren Lockwood, Xiaohong Mo, Adam Schenck

The expected hedge cost for a hypothetical GLWB block (see Index Methodology1) is estimated to be 241 bps as of the end of October 2020, down 12 basis points from the previous month, driven by an increase in long-term interest rates.

03 November 2020 - By Dominick Pizzano, Henrik Patel, Kenneth Barr

This article summarizes additional IRS guidance on nonqualified deferred compensation plans and focuses on other areas of executive compensation that should be examined in light of current conditions.

27 October 2020 - By Janet Jennings, Sheila Jelinek, Suzanne Norman

While it is too soon to quantify all the effects from the COVID-19 pandemic, this paper could help women become more aware of resources and solutions to help them and their loved ones be more financially secure.

27 October 2020 - By Eamonn Phelan, Gavin Maher

What are some important considerations for risk managers in the ever changing environment of the (re)insurance industry?

27 October 2020 - By Stephen R. DiCenso

On October 15, 2020, the District Court of Oklahoma issued its order of approval and implementation for the first ever Insurance Business Transfer, allowing for the novation of insurance policies to an assuming insurer without policyholder consent.

23 October 2020 - By David D. Evans, Cody Webb, Elias Braunstein, Jonathan B. Glowacki, Andrew Netter

This report provides estimates of the insured and uninsured flood exposure of single-family residences in the contiguous United States from both storm surge and inland flooding.

23 October 2020 - By Brian Colgan, Philip Jackson

23 October 2020 - By Amy Nicholson, Sihong Zhu

Climate change risk should be a key consideration in evidencing an insurer’s Prudent Person Principle compliance.

22 October 2020 - By Brian Colgan, Philip Jackson

本アラートでは、結果説明を容易にすることを目指したIFRS第17号の改訂内容について論じ、会計上のミスマッチ、その保険会社への影響、そしてPSAK 74に考えられる影響を減らすことを試みます。

21 October 2020

During the months following the February 2020 market drawdown, bonds, commodities, and stocks have all had a remarkable run, leading many investors and advisors to contemplate both the prospect of asset bubbles and the portfolio implications of those bubbles bursting.

21 October 2020 - By Nancy P. Watkins, John W. Rollins

How are leading investors factoring market-level climate risk into decision-making?

21 October 2020 - By Fernando Mesquida, Gabriela Dieguez, Jorge Torres, Romina Santoro, Lucila Antonucci, Carolina Artuso

Milliman used data from Mexico’s Ministry of Health to analyze the increase in the mortality rate produced by COVID-19 by gender, age, and the presence of comorbidities.

19 October 2020 - By Brian Colgan, Philip Jackson

In this e-Alert, we discuss amendments introduced to reduce the costs of IFRS 17, their impact on insurers and the likely impact on financial accounting standards.

19 October 2020 - By Neil Dissanayake, Peter Lin, Nima Shahroozi

The British Pound lost 3.6% and 3.9% against the US Dollar and the Japanese Yen respectively, whilst weakening 1.7% against the Euro, as worries of a potential “Hard” Brexit increased the Pound’s volatility.

16 October 2020 - By Adam Schenck, Jeff Greco, Joe Becker, Ram Kelkar

The market contraction at the onset of the coronavirus pandemic in Q1 2020 was the biggest test of risk-managed investment products since the 2008 financial crisis. This paper puts the downturn into historical context and examines how Milliman FRM's products performed.

15 October 2020

Markets continued their advance over the quarter as accommodative monetary policy proved to dampen the negative impact of the pandemic.

14 October 2020 - By Aatman Dattani, Zi Xiang Low, Zohair Motiwalla, Katherine Wang, Karthik Yadatore

This report analyzes, understands, and discusses the impact of the upcoming Principle-Based Reserving on non-variable deferred annuities.

14 October 2020 - By Eamonn Phelan, Fred Vosvenieks, Cormac Gleeson, Eóin Stack, Gavin Maher

This briefing note discusses how traditional emerging risk management frameworks may not fully capture the complexity of an emerging risk event and what lessons can be learned from COVID-19.

13 October 2020 - By Kevin Manning, Joanne Buckle, Lalit Baveja, Alison Counihan

Kevin Manning provided an update on COVID-19 looking at the impact on the Irish private health insurance market, and Joanne Buckle presented on the impact of data analytics on the value chain for both public and private heath payers.

13 October 2020 - By Pierre-Edouard Arrouy, Charles Boddele , Thomas Bulpitt, Grzegorz Darkiewicz-Moniuszko, Russell Ward, Freek Zandbergen, Sihong Zhu

IFRS 17 requires preparers of accounts to derive discount rates for the valuation of the cash flows associated with their insurance contracts.

07 October 2020 - By Jeff Chalk

Over the past few weeks, there has been quite a bit of fanfare over changes in two of the most widely known benchmarks for the U.S. stock market.

07 October 2020 - By Nancy P. Watkins

Nancy Watkins speaks with Jim Albert about flood insurance’s coverage gap, the adversarial position of the insurance industry, the wind-water conflict in claims, and climate change.

07 October 2020 - By Zohair Motiwalla, Zi Xiang Low, Aatman Dattani, David South

In the third quarter of 2020, Milliman refreshed a survey that establishes currently held market practice in the application of “VM-21: Requirements for Principles-Based Reserves for Variable Annuities.”

06 October 2020 - By Robert W. Beal, Daniel D. Skwire

How has COVID-19 affected individual disability income carriers’ new sales and claims to date and what can these companies expect going forward?

05 October 2020 - By Andrew H. Dalton, Gregory T. Zebolsky

This article discusses the impact that COVID-19 could have on actuarial assumptions relevant to continuing care retirement communities—specifically, mortality and morbidity—as well as other experience, including especially the number of noncontractual residents in assisted living unit and skilled nursing facility levels of care.

05 October 2020 - By Josh Dobiac, Freek Zandbergen

This report examines the new Alternative Methodology for yield curve construction under Solvency II.

05 October 2020 - By Daren Lockwood, Xiaohong Mo, Adam Schenck

The expected hedge cost for a hypothetical GLWB block (see Index Methodology1) is estimated to be 253 bps as of the end of September 2020, up 4 basis points from the previous month, driven by a decrease in long-term interest rates.

02 October 2020 - By Jamie Shooks

How do the risks in fantasy sports align with the general traits of an insurable risk?

02 October 2020 - By William Vogan

Four of the industry pricing surveys measure the ratio of rates written to the latest quarter to rates expiring during the latest quarter.

02 October 2020 - By John Klodnicki

The insurance industry must adapt in order to function in a post-pandemic world and navigate the “new normal” of a work-from-home economy.

01 October 2020 - By Scott Chow, Clement Bonnet, Julian Man, Michael Daly

Calculated annually by Milliman, the Milliman Fulfillment Ratio Index covers Hong Kong insurance companies representing a significant market share as measured by in-force premiums (> 85% in 2019).

30 September 2020 - By Robert W. Beal, Tasha S. Khan

This report presents the results of Milliman’s 2020 Annual Survey of the U.S. Individual Disability Income Insurance Market.

30 September 2020 - By Neil Christy, Stuart Reynolds, Samuel Burgess

This report focuses on the solvency and financial condition reports published in 2020 which refer to year-end 2019.

30 September 2020 - By Carl A. Friedrich, Susan J. Saip, Allen J. Schmitz

Milliman conducted a long-term care hybrid product survey intended to capture the industry’s views of the unique environment and provide high-level current sales information and future outlooks.

29 September 2020 - By Alexandre Boumezoued, Jean-Philippe Boisseau

What does the world look like to a reserving actuary in 2060?

29 September 2020 - By Eric J Xu, Cody Webb, Molly Barth, Nancy P. Watkins

As the 2020 wildfire season exceeds historical norms, California insurers and policymakers are looking for durable solutions to extinguish the threat of a homeowners’ insurance crisis.

25 September 2020 - By Paul L. Correia

This survey provides a comprehensive analysis of new sales and inforce business for short-term disability and long-term disability insurance products in 2018 and 2019.

24 September 2020 - By Stephen P. Melek, Stoddard Davenport, Travis J. (T.J.) Gray

Telehealth visits may become part of the new “normal” for replacing, or at least supplementing, office visit-based treatment for behavioral health conditions.

17 September 2020 - By Eric J Xu, John W. Rollins

Predicting whether insurtechs will seek closer connections among the players in the value chain, or a greater separation, requires consideration of factors that could cut both ways.

16 September 2020 - By Neil Christy, Stuart Reynolds, Samuel Burgess

Published in 2020, the Solvency and Financial Condition Reports provides information from year-end 2019.

16 September 2020 - By Neil Cantle, Nancy P. Watkins, Peter Kingsley of The Oracle Partnership

In this article, Milliman’s Neil Cantle and Nancy Watkins, along with The Oracle Partnership’s Peter Kingsley, discuss the role that actuaries and insurers can play in tackling climate change following the coronavirus crisis.

16 September 2020 - By Neil Cantle

Going forward, financial services firms must now evaluate the anticipated financial impact of climate change, and are expected to include considerations of climate change within risk management frameworks.

15 September 2020 - By Conor Callaghan , Rik van Beers, Kevin Manning

This briefing discusses regulations for pre-emptive recovery planning for (re)insurers, reinsurance as a capital management tool for life insurers and unit matching under Solvency II.

14 September 2020 - By Joe Becker

Four charts that provide historical context around the condition of the U.S. labor market.

14 September 2020 - By Neil Dissanayake, Peter Lin, Nima Shahroozi

Equity markets had a positive performance in August with all major indices making gains for the month as investors and market participants continued to show strong demand for risk assets.

11 September 2020 - By Richard C. Frese

The introduction of COVID-19 has had an almost immediate influence on insurance yet it may take a long time to fully realize the effects. What are strategies to make benchmarks valuable now and post-COVID-19?

11 September 2020 - By Raji Bhagavatula, Mark Goldburd, Manyi Luo , Jason L. Russ

For the second quarter of 2020, the property and casualty insurance industry published financials that show a decline in net premium, mainly attributable to COVID-19.

10 September 2020 - By Elizabeth Bart

As traditional auto insurers compete against each other for customers, they’re now also faced with new entrants into the auto insurance market race: car manufacturers.

10 September 2020 - By Susan Philip

The COVID-19 pandemic has dramatically increased the use of telehealth, so Milliman’s Susan Philip and Mei Kwong, executive director of the Center for Connected Health Policy, discuss what providers, payers, and patients should know about this virtual healthcare service.

08 September 2020 - By Sanket Kawatkar, Philip Jackson, Heerak Basu, Richard W. Holloway

This report presents the results and insights from a fresh survey of Indian life insurers, covering their participating business management and asset share calculation approaches.

08 September 2020 - By Paul M. Fedchak, Stacy Koron

Changing consumer preferences and technology are driving much of the need for innovation and, as the emergence of COVID-19 has shown, the most vulnerable parts of an industrial sector can be quickly be brought down by an unexpected event.

26 August 2020 - By Robert Eaton

This article explores in detail two methods of developing reduced benefit options: the future loss ratio neutral approach and the cash flow neutral approach.

25 August 2020 - By Paul Sinnott, Michael Daly, Richard W. Holloway, Wing F. Wong, Chihong An, Wen Yee Lee, Stephen H. Conwill

This report compares and contrasts the various different approaches taken to embedded value reporting across Asian markets and insurers.

24 August 2020 - By Dominic Clark

In the face of economic instability due to the COVID-19 pandemic, institutional investors would be wise to consider sovereign risk carefully, even where not explicitly mandated to do so by regulation.

19 August 2020 - By Grzegorz Darkiewicz-Moniuszko, Ed Morgan, Michal Bobrowski, Aldo Balestreri

How are joint interest rate and credit risk for risk-neutral valuation typically offered by providers of economic scenario generators?

13 August 2020 - By Derek Newton, Ian Penfold

This report summarises the fourth annual set of Solvency and Financial Condition Reports as they relate to non-life insurers regulated in the UK or Gibraltar and sets out the results of the analyses of these reports.

12 August 2020 - By Peter H. Sun, Chunpu Song, Victor Huang, Ram Kelkar

This paper examines the hedge effectiveness of a wide range of Variable Annuity carriers.

05 August 2020 - By Fernando Mesquida, Hector Gueler, Ariel Hojman

What effect will the COVID-19 pandemic have on the life insurance industry in Latin America?

05 August 2020 - By Paul M. Fedchak, Ian Laverty, Uri Sobel

The new framework outlined in Chapter 20 of the Valuation Manual will likely lead to some fundamental changes in the products available in the market.

04 August 2020 - By Nicole Gaspar, Alyssa Lu, Juliet M. Spector

This article discusses modeling and the information that companies can glean from a first principles approach.

03 August 2020 - By Ian Penfold, Sophie Smyth , George Barrett

In this paper, we discuss how insurers can explore their future exposures to the novel coronavirus through their ORSA.

03 August 2020 - By Clement Bonnet, Brian Colgan, Michael Daly, Sharon Huang, Farzana Ismail, Philip Jackson, Sung Hoon Kim, David Kong, Wen Yee Lee, Atsushi Okawa, Wing F. Wong

This report compares and contrasts life insurance risk-based capital regimes across selected Asian markets, highlights some of the potential implications for businesses arising from the future development of capital regulations and contributes to the wider discussion on the potential impact of changes in regulation on the life insurance industry in Asia.

27 July 2020 - By Matthias Kullowatz

This report analyzes more than 3 million policies issued by eight variable annuity writers from 2003 through the first quarter of 2019.

09 July 2020 - By Neil Christy, Emma Hutchinson, Amy Nicholson, Sihong Zhu

This paper summarises the key feedback from the Prudential Regulation Authority to general and life insurers following their participation in the Insurance Stress Test 2019 exercise and the more recent COVID-19 specific stress test exercise, and discusses the potential implications this feedback could have for life insurers in the United Kingdom in 2020 and beyond.

08 July 2020 - By Neil Cantle

What is the value of risk registers and why might we need to reconsider how we use them in the future?

07 July 2020 - By Quincy Hsieh

This article shows our software development experience and test benchmark on Microsoft Azure Storage Account to optimise the disk IO of the API on the cloud.

26 June 2020 - By Emma Hutchinson, Fred Vosvenieks, Paul Fulcher

Solvency II matching is no longer just a theoretical concept but rather a common strategy used by UK insurers with material blocks of unit-linked business to help improve liquidity and balance sheet stability, and better manage market risks.

22 June 2020 - By Floriane Moy

In a rapidly changing work environment, this article provides an overview of the analytics challenges in the insurance industry.

04 June 2020 - By Donal McGinley, Bridget MacDonnell, Eamon Comerford

This briefing note gives a high-level overview of how insurers can make better use of internal data to gain insight and drive competitive advantage.

29 May 2020 - By Dominik Sznajder, Freek Zandbergen

This briefing note summarises the new design of the Volatility Adjustment (VA) and presents an impact analysis on the effectiveness of the VA under this approach.

18 May 2020 - By Thomas Peplow

This article offers a software engineer’s perspective on keeping pace with both the actuarial and software industries.

18 May 2020 - By Claire Booth, Neil Christy, Emma Hutchinson

The year 2019 and the first quarter of 2020 have seen a range of new issues and trends across the unit-linked market.

15 May 2020 - By Neil Dissanayake, Peter Lin, Nima Shahroozi

After a turbulent March, equity markets had a strong performance in April.

15 May 2020 - By Patricia L. Renzi

Pat Renzi discusses the impact of COVID-19 on the life insurance industry and its digital transformation.

15 May 2020 - By Eoin O'Baoighill, Mike Claffey

Based on our analysis of road traffic data, there has been a 70% drop in vehicle volumes since this time last year.

14 May 2020 - By Dominic Clark, Jeremy Kent, Ed Morgan

This white paper considers the potential impact of International Financial Reporting Standard 17 on insurance product design and pricing in the European markets and contrasts the expected impact on a range of life insurance products.

13 May 2020 - By Alexandre Boumezoued

The analysis of cohort effects has long fascinated the actuarial community.

07 May 2020 - By Alexandre Boumezoued

This white paper proposes two alternative and complementary views to the EIOPA’s final technical set of advice on the mortality and longevity shock calibration: a prospective approach in the spirit of one-year calculations and a retrospective analysis based on historical data from corrected mortality tables.

07 April 2020 - By Isabel Stansfield, David Burston, Emma Hutchinson, Stuart Reynolds

This paper summarises the three main delays that EIOPA recommends regulators offer to provide operational relief to undertakings if so needed during the COVID-19 pandemic.

06 April 2020 - By Michael Leitschkis, Russell Ward

This paper provides a brief introduction to proxy modelling and contributes to the current debate around validation via a discussion of a number of the tests that might be contemplated and an illustration of a potential “validation dashboard.”

30 March 2020 - By Alexandre Boumezoued, Eve Titon

This paper discusses actuarial perspectives for the calculation of the capital requirement related to catastrophic pandemic mortality as required by the Solvency II regulation.

03 March 2020 - By Aisling Barrett

(Re)insurance undertakings completing their Solvency II reporting are required to submit four reporting templates analysing the variance over the year. EIOPA’s explanatory note on these templates was updated most recently in July 2018 with the updated Implementing Technical Standards and LOG files published in November 2018. In this briefing note we discuss these templates and provide insight on how to approach them.

20 February 2020 - By Neil Dissanayake, Paul Fulcher, Emma Hutchinson, Peter Lin, Dmitry Zamkovoy, Sihong Zhu

The European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority recently published its first discussion paper on IBOR transition.

19 February 2020 - By Takanori Hoshino, William C. Hines

This briefing note illustrates potential differences between the International Financial Reporting Standard for insurance contracts and US GAAP long-duration contract targeted improvements using a traditional level premium endowment contract.

20 December 2019 - By Paul Sinnott, Michael Daly, Richard W. Holloway, Wing F. Wong, Chihong An, Wen Yee Lee, Stephen H. Conwill, Sanket Kawatkar, Shamit Gupta

This report provides a summary of the mid-year 2019 embedded value results disclosed by Asian insurers.

17 December 2019 - By Guanjun Jiang

In China, the Action Plan for Promoting the High Quality Development of the Healthcare Industry 2019-2022 promotes, in the development of health insurance products, the use of special needs medical services, innovative medical technologies and drugs and high-end medical devices as well as health intervention procedures.

13 December 2019 - By Hyunsu Kim, Michael Leitschkis

This paper considers a technique called the Isolation Forest, which overcomes the shortcomings of classic anomaly detection algorithms.

13 December 2019 - By Mark C. Olleman, Matt Larrabee

This paper presents two alternative options for mortality projection based on historical mortality improvement data.

12 December 2019 - By Sheri Lee Scott

With the peril of California wildfires growing, what's ahead for the insurance industry?

12 December 2019 - By Patrick Meghen, Ellen Matthews

The full slide deck from the Solvency II Compliance Assessment Tool User Seminar on 26th November 2019.

11 December 2019 - By Michael C. Meehan

Michael Meehan discusses the current captive marketplace in Cayman.

09 December 2019 - By Joseph Sloan , Rik van Beers, Andrew Kay

This briefing note discusses considerations when determining the Fair Value of insurance liabilities.

03 December 2019 - By Brian Colgan, Halim Gunawan, Richard W. Holloway, David Kong

Developments in the Indonesian life insurance industry during the period 1 July 2019 to 30 September 2019.

02 December 2019 - By Eamonn Phelan

In this paper, we look at the central role that can be played by an Expert Judgment Register.

26 November 2019 - By Robert W. Beal, Tasha S. Khan

This report presents the results of Milliman’s 2019 Annual Survey of the U.S. Individual Disability Income Insurance Market.

25 November 2019 - By Sinéad Clarke, Ellen Matthews

To help prepare for Solvency II reporting throughout 2020, we have prepared a briefing note detailing Solvency II reporting deadlines in 2020 and the changes in the reporting framework relative to the previous year.

25 November 2019 - By Clement Bonnet, Michael Daly, Pingni Eng, Wen Yee Lee

Accelerated growth in Vietnam? Forty senior leaders from different functions of life insurance respond to questions about interest rates, regulatory change, insurtech, and more.

22 November 2019 - By Eamon Comerford, Cormac Gleeson

This briefing note discusses how the use of external data can complement wider data science initiatives and looks at some of the challenges posed by working with external data.

22 November 2019 - By Jeremy Hamilton, Allen J. Schmitz, Ali M. Heinrich

How does spousal contagion influence long-term care needs?

19 November 2019 - By Heerak Basu, Shamit Gupta, Richard W. Holloway

The (re)insurance industry in Asia has recently seen signs of increased actuarial outsourcing. Is it a new trend?

18 November 2019 - By Heerak Basu, Shamit Gupta, Richard W. Holloway

Milliman conducted a survey to assess trends in life insurance actuarial outsourcing.

18 November 2019 - By Mark R. Shapland

Under Solvency II, non-life reserving risk takes on a meaning based on the change in the estimated ultimate loss over a one-year time horizon, which accounts for the payments during the one-year time horizon and the consequences for future payments after the one-year time horizon.

15 November 2019 - By Mark R. Shapland

This paper focuses on the closed form model developed by Mack, modified by Merz and Wüthrich to address the one-year horizon under Solvency II, and on its extension for two-year, three-year, etc. time windows that can be reconciled back to the original Mack formulas.

15 November 2019 - By Mark R. Shapland

Under Solvency II, reserving risk takes on a different meaning, based on the change in the estimated ultimate loss over a one-year time horizon, which accounts for the payments during the one-year time horizon and the consequences for future payments (i.e., the change in reserves) after the one-year time horizon.

14 November 2019 - By Gillian Tucker

This briefing note provides an introduction to data visualisation.

13 November 2019 - By François Dauphin, William C. Hines, Daniel D. Skwire

This paper illustrates the potential impacts of Accounting Standards Updates 2018-12, Targeted Improvements for Long-Duration Contracts, relative to current US GAAP accounting with respect to products with long claim periods such as individual disability insurance and highlights some practical implementation challenges.

12 November 2019 - By Mike Claffey, Rob Frize, Patrick Meghen

This briefing discusses Irish SFCRs in 2017 and 2018 and ORSA processes and outcomes.

11 November 2019 - By Aisling Barrett, Eoin King

This briefing note summarises EIOPA’s October 2019 consultation paper on its opinion on the Solvency II 2020 review.

28 October 2019 - By David D. Evans, Cody Webb, Eric J Xu

Wildfire risk has become a key focus of California property insurers.

25 October 2019 - By Josh Dobiac, Ram Kelkar, Jeanne Russo , David Schreiner

Major initiatives are under way to reform interest rate benchmarks and move away from Interbank Offered Rates (IBOR) to overnight near risk-free rates.

24 October 2019 - By Claire Booth, Tanya Hayward, Peter Moore, Thomas Peplow

This paper discusses the areas which should be assessed before, during and after embarking on an outsourcing agreement with a cloud provider.

14 October 2019 - By Joanne E. Fontana

New trends in dental care and insurance coverage are aimed at improving the patient experience as Milliman’s Joanne Fontana discusses.

10 October 2019 - By Demosthenis Demosthenous, Ed Morgan

The Greek insurance market contracted every year between 2009 and 2016, and even with improvement in the last couple of years, is still nearly 30% below the peak level reached in 2009.

10 October 2019 - By Claire Booth, Emma Hutchinson

This paper discusses the key findings of the European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority’s report titled ‘Cyber Risk for Insurers- Challenges and Opportunities’ with respect to cyber risk as an element of an insurer’s own operational risk profile.

02 October 2019 - By Divey Hiranandani, Eoin King, Ellen Matthews

EIOPA published its first wave of consultation papers on the Solvency II 2020 review in June 2019. This briefing note summarises EIOPA’s proposals regarding the Quantitative Reporting Templates.

02 October 2019 - By Derek Newton, Marc Smillie , Flavien Thery

This report summarises the third set of Solvency II public reports, the Solvency and Financial Condition Reports, as they relate to non-life insurers in the UK or Gibraltar.

02 October 2019 - By Jean-Baptiste Coulomb, Adeline Maulet, Eliott Pradat , Badis Zeghmar

EIOPA published its first wave of consultation papers on the Solvency II 2020 review in June 2019. This briefing note summarises EIOPA’s proposals regarding general issues on supervisory reporting and public disclosure.

02 October 2019 - By Jean-Baptiste Coulomb, Adeline Maulet, Eliott Pradat , Badis Zeghmar

EIOPA published its first wave of consultation papers on the Solvency II 2020 review in June 2019. This briefing note summarises EIOPA’s proposals regarding Financial Stability Reporting.

02 October 2019

EIOPA published its first wave of consultation papers on the Solvency II 2020 review in June 2019. This briefing note summarises EIOPA’s proposals regarding Insurance Guarantee Schemes.

02 October 2019 - By David Burston, Neil Christy, Jessica Crowson, Stuart Reynolds

EIOPA published its first wave of consultation papers on the Solvency II 2020 review in June 2019. This briefing note summarises EIOPA’s proposals regarding the Solvency and Financial Condition Report (SFCR).

01 October 2019 - By Thomas Poinsignon

The recent increase in the amount of data generated, stored and analysed by insurers to establish their pricing and underwriting policies has led to the emergence of new needs both from a regulatory point of view, with the recent implementation of the European framework of the General Data Protection Regulation and with a view to offering new services on the market (cyber risk).

01 October 2019 - By Utku Cagatay Arslan, Ayse Pinar Coban, Halil Kolbasi, William Smith , Jennifer Strickland

This report focuses on the preparedness of Turkish insurers and reinsurers for the new accounting standard, International Financial Reporting Standard 17.

30 September 2019 - By Eoin O'Baoighill, Eamonn Phelan

This briefing note discusses some of the tools and techniques that can be used to validate and understand black box models.

23 September 2019 - By Rachin Aggarwal, Abhishek Agrawal

This article examines how the concept of a standard health product would benefit various stakeholders in India.

23 September 2019 - By David D. Evans, Nancy P. Watkins

This article provides an overview of the trends in the U.S. private flood market.

20 September 2019 - By Anne C. Kallfisch, Dana S. Ryan

Insurtech presents unique opportunities for new and established insurers in the title space to innovate and gain market share.

18 September 2019 - By Heerak Basu, Richard W. Holloway, Philip Jackson, Sanket Kawatkar

This e-Alert provides background on the emerging Bangladeshi life insurance market.

16 September 2019 - By Mike Hamachek, Christopher Kunkel

What happened in the first year of Merit-Based Incentive Payment System reporting?

16 September 2019 - By Molly Barth, John W. Rollins

The visibility of climate’s impact on property hazard is increasingly leading individuals and their chosen leaders to ask: how might an increase in hazard affect the desirability of living in various communities, and how do we manage the socioeconomic impacts?

13 September 2019 - By Chihong An, Stephen H. Conwill, Michael Daly, Richard W. Holloway, Wen Yee Lee, Paul Sinnott, Wing F. Wong

The Milliman 2018 Embedded Value Results: Asia report provides in-depth analysis of the embedded value methodologies and assumptions adopted as well as the impact of key regulations and other market developments in the region.

09 September 2019 - By Chihong An, Stephen H. Conwill, Michael Daly, Richard W. Holloway, Wen Yee Lee, Paul Sinnott, Wing F. Wong

This report compares and contrasts the various different approaches taken to embedded value reporting across Asian markets and insurers.

03 September 2019 - By Joe Becker

Market observers have posited in recent years that Volatility Control funds represent a focal point of instability for financial markets.

03 September 2019 - By John W. Rollins, Nancy P. Watkins

This episode of Critical Point discusses the future of flood insurance and what protecting a home from flood might look like a few decades from now.

29 August 2019 - By Clement Bonnet, Scott Chow, Michael Daly, Janice Wang

The Milliman Fulfillment Ratio Index covers Hong Kong life insurance companies representing a significant market share as measured by in-force premiums.

23 August 2019 - By Neil Dissanayake, Peter Lin

Equity markets had a modest performance in July as the US Federal Reserve lowered interest rates by 25 points for the first time in 11 years.

23 August 2019 - By Dana-Marie Dick, Natasha Singhal

This paper considers the current and developing regulation, in the UK and Europe, surrounding climate change-related risks, the risk identification and risk management practices available to insurers and examples of the key challenges faced by insurers in response to climate change.

23 August 2019 - By Raji Bhagavatula, Mark Goldburd, Manyi Luo , Jason L. Russ

The U.S. property and casualty insurance industry as a whole has experienced significant deterioration in loss ratios for general liability in calendar years 2015 to 2018.

22 August 2019 - By Cory Gusland, Daniel Henry, Raheel Sohail

This paper explores key model features of the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation’s Primary Care First, a new voluntary payment model focused on primary care.

22 August 2019 - By Clement Bonnet, Scott Chow, Michael Daly, Paul Sinnott

This e-Alert gives an overview of the latest Quantitative Impact Study (QIS) 3 specifications and highlights some of the key differences with QIS 2.

21 August 2019 - By Chris Beck, Chris Harner

There is a significant need in the market to transform cyber assessments, information technology metrics, and information security into the common language of risk management.

20 August 2019 - By Robert Eaton

Combination products provide valuable, and often substantial, health insurance coverage in the framework of a life insurance or annuity policy.

20 August 2019 - By Rachin Aggarwal, Joanne Buckle, Vidhi Gupta, Neha Taneja

This paper looks at the key provisions of the Mental Healthcare Act, 2017, mental illness prevalence, supply-side indicators and the current treatment gap.

19 August 2019 - By Brian Colgan, Halim Gunawan, Richard W. Holloway, David Kong

Developments in the Indonesian life insurance industry during the period 1 April 2019 to 30 June 2019

01 August 2019 - By Tim F. Kempen, Allen J. Schmitz

This report presents the results of our sixth triennial long-term care insurance valuation survey.

01 August 2019 - By Aisling Barrett, Eoin King

In this presentation given at the Society of Actuaries in Ireland’s Annual Convention, Aisling Barrett and Eoin King discuss their experience of the Reviewing Actuary role (having both been part of teams performing the review as well as being part of teams subject to review by another Reviewing Actuary).

01 April 2015 - By Carl A. Friedrich, Susan J. Saip, Teresa McNeela, Robert Eaton

This paper has several goals in relation to each living benefit rider type.

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